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Energi Efficiency - 2. page

Line Losses A Different Kind Of Energy Efficiency

It’s a homeowner’s responsibility to make sure that he or she is using appliances that are energy efficient. Replacing a twenty-year-old refrigerator is likely to reduce your electricity bill because a new ENERGY STAR-rated icebox has been designed to do more while using less of the juice. Energy efficiency, however, is not just a concern for the little guy. Utility companies must worry about “line losses,” the electricity that is lost as a result of the inherent inefficiency of the generation and transmission system. In places like Texas and New York, however, engineers are thinking of ways to prevent this waste. Best of all, the savings will be passed on to you, the consumer.

What causes this loss of energy in the first place? There are many reasons, including the flaws in electrical cables and the natural tendency toward entropy. (That’s the principle that says that systems tend to become more disordered over time.) Jim Landers, a columnist for the Dallas Morning News, explains that small amounts of electricity turn into heat as it runs through a conductor. This is one of the reasons that power adaptors can feel warm to the touch when you try to unplug them. This unwanted heat isn’t such a big deal for appliances with short cables. When you think of power transmission cables and the hundreds of miles they can traverse, you can understand why line losses are such a big concern.

In Texas, line loss results in the waste of 6.5% of all the Texas electricity generated in the Lone Star State. While that might not sound like very much, it starts to add up when you think of it in terms of your pocketbook. For every one hundred dollars you pay for Texas electricity, inefficiencies account for $6.50. One way to reduce that amount is to replace old, lower capacity transmission cables with more advanced lines that can handle the kind of high voltages that keep the lights on in modern cities. Landers note that there are plans in place to connect the wind farms of West Texas to the rest of the state via 345-kilovolt lines that boast only 4% inefficiency.

Much like Texans, New Yorkers know what it’s like to need a vast supply of reliable New York electricity. To reduce the effect of line losses, engineers have developed synchrophasors. According to the North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI), computers can measure voltage running through a line at very high speed. With this detailed information about the flow of energy, utilities can better manipulate the grid to reduce the stress on the system and eliminate some of that waste. For example, if a power plant malfunctions, thereby causing the voltage in the system to fluctuate, the use of synchrophasors allows authorities to quickly address the situation before it causes increased waste. (Or worse, an interruption in supply.)

Matthew L. Wald, a writer for the New York Times, sees the benefits of synchrophasors, reminding readers that current monitoring devices only provide measurements every two to four seconds. The kind of synchrophasors that are being installed in New York and in the Midwest are able to provide feedback thirty times a second, allowing computers to regulate energy flow more fortuitously.

The devices themselves aren’t too expensive: approximately two to three thousand dollars for each synchrophasor. The real cost is derived from the computer and networking system that allows it to interact with the energy grid. Some of this money comes from the Energy Department, but even if residents end up paying to equip the grid with this technology, it’s the kind of wise long-term strategy that will result in long-term savings.

While it certainly will not be cheap to invest so much to establish a more efficient electric grid, it’s also a vital part of a greener future. Wind farms and solar facilities are (just like old-fashioned natural gas and coal power generation plants) often located far away from densely populated areas. As a result, utilities must run miles and miles of cable, resulting in greater line loss. If alternative energies can be more easily worked into the grid, we’ll all save money and enjoy a healthier environment. So the next time you read about improvements being made by state or local electric utilities, remember that something as simple as the cable strung between your home and the power plant can have a big effect on your monthly bill.

Get Datacenter Energy Efficiency Easily

Presently the organizations have been aiming at efficient ways and procedures to attain more with less, reducing IT expenses and even minimize the incidental costs associated with data center growth and expansion. In today’s competitive market scenario data center managers need to focus on establishing effective operating environments to support the life of the existing data centers. There are numerous ways in which companies can attain data center efficiency and is inclusive of setting up a cold aisle containment system, efficient utilization of outside air and maximize compute densities. The main component however is to maintain a comprehensive metric system to evaluate how efficient is the data center and what are the efficiency enhancements that have been created.

How to estimate data center energy efficiency?
PUE, i.e. power usage effectiveness is one of the most common metrics used for calculating data center energy efficiency. It is calculated by taking into account the overall power consumption of the data center facility and then dividing it by the power consumed by the devices. The ratio that you arrive at is the effective power overhead for a single IT unit load. Most data center managers today are expected to find out ways to reduce the PUE so that the data centers can find a better way to expand.

A better way to expand is by partnering with a data center solution provider that will free organizations from all the worries of establishing and maintaining critical mission IT architecture. Advanced data center today fulfill all the needs for cloud computing services, shared hosting services, dedicated hosting services, collocation services and other security and firewall solutions. In addition to that, the organizations remain secure and well supported 24 x 7 with advanced facilities and industry leading SLAS.

Furthermore, these solution providers offer you the various ways to bring about a change and enhancement in data center energy efficiency. Two essential ways are:-

Minimizing the power that is used for the support infrastructure
Minimizing losses within the power system

By following the above mentioned ways you can ensure greater power entering the data center thereby improving its energy efficiency and reducing the PUE. At the same time, it is critical for an organization to bring down the power system losses and the power utilized for supporting infrastructure. Concurrently, it is also apparent that the mass power consumption in the data center gets transferred to the IT load. If an organization can bring down the IT load then it can naturally reduce the overall power required in the data center.

Power Factor Optimization How To Save Up To 25% On Electric Bills

With soaring energy costs, and the very real possibility of even higher electric bills just around the corner, consumers everywhere are eager to find ways to save on their monthly electric bills. While many people are becoming more diligent about turning off lights, using less hot water, and keeping the thermonstat at a certain level, technology has come up with an innovative way to optimize the power factor in your home or business. This process, which is called power factor optimization, allows you to increase the effective use of your electricity. This process reduces your power consumption, which in turn lowers your electric bill.

The term power factor means the way in which energy efficiency is measured. More precisely, it refers to the percentage of electricity that is delivered to your home and used efficiently, versus what is being wasted through your inductive load. For example, a home with a power factor of 100% means that all of the electricity being delivered is being used in an efficient manner.

Studies show that most homes in America have an average power factor of 78%, and in some cases, the power factor is even lower. This means that if you have a power factor of 78%, the motors in your home from various appliances (ie, your inductive load) are wasting 22% of your electricity. How does one reduce the amount of power lost through the inductive load and achieve in ideally higher power factor? A power factor optimizer, such as the PS 1200, can be installed. This device will increase the effective use of your electricity and lower your usage of electricity. Also known as a power conditioner, the PS 1200 works by reducing the amount of the power drawn from the utility and capturing the lost electricity in the capacitators. This captured electricity is then sent back into the circuit.

Other benefits of installing a PS 1200 power factor optimizer include whole house surge protection, extended appliance life, reduced energy costs, reduced harmonic feedback, and electrical noise reduction. In addtiion, this device enables you to reduce your carbon footprint and it is environmentally safe.

The actual savings that the consumer experiences by installing a power saver unit is determined by many variable factors. The size of your home, the amount of your inductive load, and the amount that you are currently paying per kilowatt hour are all important factors. Most people see a savings of 10-25% on their actual monthly electric bills after installing the PS 1200. In reality, this unit can pay for itself within 12 months. With an average lifetime of 20 years, and a factory warranty of 5 years, your monetary return on investing in this piece of equipment is excellent. Business owners can also purchase commercial 3-phase power save industrial models (PS 3200 and PS 3400) and often times can write off the cost of the equipment and installation as a legitimate business expense.

The residential power saver unit works on any modern type of circuit panel (it does NOT work with old-fashioned screw-in fuses) and will work on any such single phase residential electric application. The two commercial and industrial models are 3-phase and they size motors up to 75 hp and up to 300 hp. All units, whether commercial or residential, are UL approved and should be installed by a licensed electrician.

Hunter Douglas vs Levelor Which brand has the best cellular shades

If you are about to embark on a new interior design look for your home, or for particular rooms in your home, one easy and fast way to make a dramatic change in the appearance of the room is with new window treatments. Many people enjoy using window blinds for their ease of use, energy efficiency as well as light filtering capabilities, and there are two brands that have been in business for decades that offer quality products: Hunter Douglas and Levelor. If you know that you would like to get some cell shades for your home, you are probably deciding between Levelor cellular shades and Hunter Douglas shades. The best brand between Levelor shades and Hunter Douglas shades depends on several factors that you deem to be most important.

Hunter Douglas shades offer several features that are attractive to homeowners. They have shades that are energy efficient, utilize green materials, take child safety in account, come in motorized styles with motorized lifting systems guaranteed for five years and also have a lifetime guarantee for defects and broken parts not caused by normal wear and tear.

Levelor shades come backed with many aspects that homeowners appreciate. In business for nearly one hundred years and now a division of Newell-Rubbermaid, they offer the latest in window fashions, innovation in Levelor shades’ designs and quality products.

Levelor cellular shades come in over two hundred different fabric choices. This means that there are a wide variety of colors and textures to the fabrics used from which you can select those that will best fit into your new interior design aesthetic. Levelor cellular shades also can help save you money because there are models available made with Energy Shield technology, basically made of thicker materials so that warm air stays in your room in the winter and cool air stays inside during the hotter summer months. You can also use these shades to control light in the room by varying the type of fabric selected, which could range from sheer to semi-opaque all the way to solid blackout quality. This also helps to give you the privacy level you desire for bedrooms, bathrooms and other rooms in the home.

Levelor also gives you many size and shape options in blinds. In addition to the regular square and rectangular shapes, you can get blinds sized to fit in arches, half arches, circles, angled skylights, cutouts and more.

You can learn more about Levelor and Hunter Douglas cellular shades by visiting an online window blinds dealer.

Furnace and Heater Maintenance Maximizing Energy Efficiency

Most likely the type of heating system you have in your home is a forced air system. This type of system typically will continue to run smoothly with regular maintenance. Without regular maintenance, your furnace can quickly wear out. Maintaining your furnace should cost you around $100 a year, if not less. This is definitely more favorable than replacing the whole system. Proper maintenance will also keep your furnace operating efficiently. Efficiency is key to saving money on heating bills since heating accounts for about one-third of your energy bill. However, the biggest motivation for having your furnace serviced regularly should be safety. Your home furnace could be a source of a carbon monoxide leak if not properly maintained.

The number one thing you can do to keep your furnace in top working order is to clean it regularly! If you hire someone to do the job they will replace the air filter and clean the filter system, motor, and blower. If youre cleaning the furnace yourself, you may use a toothbrush to clean the fan blades and any other small areas accumulating dust. Before providing any maintenance on your heater be sure to switch off the power to the appliance by locating a switch. Also, do not forget to shut off the gas to the furnace by locating the knob near the gas line. The gas line is a black pipe that will be connected to the furnace. Turn the knob so that it sits perpendicular to the line to shut it off. It is now safe to open the furnace door, and vacuum in all the crevices your vacuum attachment can reach. Remember to vacuum out the base and around the base of the furnace. Try to remove as much debris and dust as possible. After cleaning the actual unit, make sure the area around the furnace is clean and clear of clutter as well. Never store any flammable liquids nearby or even in your furnace room.

Once all debris is removed, remove the old filter and replace it with a new one. The filter on your heater should be replaced monthly during the heating season. Continue to check all fan belts. The fan belts help the furnace blower operate. If you ever find that your furnace is running but heat is not being pushed through the vents, check for broken or worn fan belts. Replace any that look frayed, cracked, or worn. Check the tautness of the belts by pushing on the center of the belt. If the belt gives in more then an inch, the belt needs to be tightened by adjusting the the attachment bracket. If at any point you smell a gas leak, this is a serious problem. Do not continue to work on the furnace but leave your home and report the gas leak to your fire department and gas company.

If the unit constantly shuts off whenever the furnace kicks on and trips the circuit, this is due to an electrical problem. In this case, it is necessary to call an electrician or service professional to take a look at the problem. They will know how to safely fix the issue.

When all inspections and cleaning has been completed. Replace the anything that you removed such as the access panel. Turn the gas line valve back on and return power to the unit. You may need to relight the pilot light as well. Allow your pilot light to continually run. This will keep condensation at bay even when the furnace is not being used. Finally, use your furnace only as much as you need. In the colder months, dress a little warmer so you can set your thermostat lower. Youd be surprised how much you could save over the season by dropping your thermostat a couple of degrees! Also, try turning down the temperature even more when no one is home to maximize your energy savings.

Ensure Energy Efficiency In Your Home By Getting A Home Energy Assessment

Home energy assessment refers to the process of inspection, survey and estimation of the flow of energy in a particular building. This activity is carried out with the intent to reduce the amount of energy consumed in a building. Special emphasis is given to the fact that the resultant solution does not cause any negative effect on the output energy.

The process of energy audit is done by a professional, who surveys the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning or HVAC system of a residence. Advanced equipment like infrared cameras and blower doors are utilized to determine the appropriate solution for an effective heating and cooling of the house. Such services can be easily availed from an expert heating contractor. Their professionals carry out a thorough inspection of the entire building, beginning with the walls, ceilings & floors to doors, windows and skylights. While carrying out the process of surveying, all the places of leakage and points of infiltration of air are taken into consideration. The audit also takes into account the physical condition and efficiency of the various mechanical systems of the house. These may include the heating, air conditioning and ventilation equipment.

The assessment is made while keeping in mind factors like the local climate, roof overhang, solar orientation and the energy consumption of the house like electricity, natural gas or other energy sources. Apart from surveying the heating, cooling and ventilation systems of a premise, there are other factors that these experts take into account. These include the size of the premise where the system is to be installed, the age of the building and the renovation done to the same. Size of the premise matters a lot, as a large air conditioner will be unable to efficiently dehumidify the air, whereas a small HVAC system will be ineffective in creating comfortable conditions inside the premises. Based on such findings a heating contractor suggests remedial solutions to improve the energy consumption of the building, without making a compromise on the energy output.

The solutions offered by these experts also include Westchester heating services like furnace installation, boilers, radiant flooring, heat pumps and hybrid heat systems & geothermal systems. The cooling solutions, on the other hand, include installation of efficient and effective central air conditioning system together with cooling equipment. Maintenance and load calculations also form a part of the cooling solutions. Additionally, the cooling solutions are constituted by air filtration & humidification service and the ultraviolet light system.

The New Home Communities Of San Antonios Wilshire Homes

If youre looking for new San Antonio homes for sale then you undoubtedly have heard the name Wilshire Homes. Wilshire Homes has become synonymous with quality and value, and has earned a solid reputation when speaking of San Antonio homes for sale.

A good example of Wilshire Homes commitment to the best San Antonio homes for sale is the many awards and accolades this Texas homebuilder has received. Wilshire Homes has been awarded the following accolades:

Energy Star Leadership in Housing Award, Winner 2009

Grand MAX Volume Builder of the Year Winner 2004, 2005, 2006

Best Places to Work in Austin Winner 2004, 2005, 2006

Best Places to Work in San Antonio Winner 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008

San Antonio Summit Awards Winner 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007

Wilshire Homes has also become one of the builders in terms of green building. When searching for San Antonio homes for sale, consider Wilshire Homes for its commitment to both green and sustainable building. In fact, this San Antonio home builder focuses on creating healthy indoor living environments for the people living in these homes. These goals are accomplished by adopting a wide variety of new construction and development techniques and philosophies all of which emphasize preservation of the environment, water conservation, energy efficiency, and healthy, non-toxic interior living spaces.

Some of the newest Wilshire Homes communities include:

The Estates of Lookout Canyon Creek

Homes priced between the $200,000s and the $260,000s

Conveniently located off Highway 281 North, this gated community features such amenities as: a recreation center and swimming pool; a toddler swimming pool; a picnic area; a sports court; and miles of walking trails.

Bulverde Village

Priced from the $190,000s to the $290,000s

Conveniently located in the Texas Hill County, this Fort Worth home community features a number of outstanding community amenities, including: a recreation center with a swimming pool, a splash pad, covered cabanas and restrooms; a basketball court; a playscape; and miles of walking trails.

Lakeside at Canyon Springs

Priced from the $180,000s to the $260,000s

This Fort Worth home community features a gated entrance and a community pool, complete with a splashpad and a cabana. The entire neighborhood is surrounded by greenbelts, and the convenient location is close to medical facilities, restaurants and shops, just to name a few.

Terra Bella

Terra Bella, which is located near Stone Oak, features a gated entrance, an amenity center, a community swimming pool, and a playscape.

Wilshire Homes allows homeowners to personalize their homes, and each home is designed around each individuals needs and wants. Instead of prepackaging a home like other home builders often do, Wilshire Homes is committed to building custom homes that adhere to the companys core set of values: Honesty, Integrity, Trust and Respect, Teamwork, Entrepreneurial Spirit, Excellence, and Continuous Improvement.

Wilshire Homes is an Austin-based homebuilder and is Central Texas largest, private homebuilder. Wilshire Homes has built homes in 20 communities throughout Austin and San Antonio.

Energy Efficiency Programs What You Can Apply Now

In light of the current economic conditions that the country is facing right now, several programs have been placed in the priority list that will address some of the most critical issues faced by Americans right now. One such issue is on the use and consumption of electricity, wherein a national program was set into motion to generate interest among consumers in various states to participate in energy efficiency programs starting with their own homes.

Texas has been at the forefront of the nationwide energy efficiency drive with residents given the power to select their energy options in a bid to reduce consumption of Texas electricity. Such programs include rebates from their property taxes that eventually pay for the energy efficiency improvements done in their individual homes. Such improvements can include the installation of solar panels or improving a homes insulation system and optimize use of electricity.

These incentive programs are aimed at reducing the up-front costs that homeowners will incur as they set out and initiate energy efficiency improvements in their homes and improve their use of Texas electricity. Not only that, energy efficiency improvements will enable homeowners to gain considerable savings from their electricity bills as well as a focus on alternative energy resources that will eventually pave the way for the availability of really cheap electricity for all consumers to enjoy.

Legislation
Energy efficiency programs were officially initiated when the 75th Texas Legislature promulgated into law the requirement for meeting specific energy efficiency goals that the electric TDUs or Texas Transmission and Distribution Utilities would have to meet. The procedures required to meet these goals were outlined in the Energy Efficiency Rule provided by the Public Utility Commission of Texas.

The rule specifies that TDUs should offer energy efficiency programs to consumers within their respective electricity distribution territories. Such programs include installation or home improvements designed to increase a homes overall energy efficiency such proper insulation, use of high efficiency lighting fixtures and the installation of solar energy systems among other. These programs are extended not only to residential communities but also to schools, local governments and businesses in order to reduce their operating costs and save Texas electricity.

These home improvements however, will be installed or performed not by the TDUs themselves but will be coursed through third-party providers or what is more commonly called now as project sponsors. These providers include contractors and installers for insulation, lighting, and air conditioning. Project sponsors also include the retail electric providers and other energy efficiency companies.

What the Texas Consumer Can Apply Now

There are various energy efficiency incentive programs initiated by the local distribution utilities in the various towns and cities in Texas, each of whom were mandated to meet energy efficiency goals. These incentive programs come in the form of Standard Offer Programs (SOP), with payments based on the energy efficiency performance achieved. Participation in these SOPs varies depending on the type of program initiated. These programs include:

Residential and Small Commercial Programs these are geared towards providing incentives for energy efficiency improvements that are installed to reduce electricity consumption and peak demand
Commercial Programs Has a specific minimum demand requirement for eligibility and provides incentives for energy efficiency installations and measures that will reduce peak demand and increase Texas electricity savings
Low Income Programs Energy efficiency programs that are targeted towards households having annual incomes that are below or at 200% of the federal poverty guideline.
Load Management Programs These are designed to encourage efficient control of electrical loads such as shifting of electric loads from peak-demand hours to off-peak periods.

World’s Richest Real Estate Moguls

No matter what profession you are in, you will be impacted by real estate in some form or another. Whether you own, rent or sub-let, your life is impacted by real estate and the professionals or individuals that sell, manage or own it.

With that in mind, it would make sense that you just might be interested in people who have made it big in real estate. There are a select few in the entire world who have made their tremendous mark on the real estate landscape. Although, there were many struggles along the way, they arrived at that coveted spot of being a famous real estate tycoon.

Sarah Beeny is a developer and a host of Property Ladder, a British television program in the U.K. Beeny is a die-hard optimist and proponent for incorporating energy efficiency into building or remodeling.

Tim Blixseth is an American real estate mogul and billionaire businessman. He made a promise early on in his investment life to only collect assets, not liabilities, for the remainder of his life. He says he’s stuck to that promise.

Donald Bren, according to Forbes.com, is the wealthiest real estate tycoon on the planet with a $12 billion net worth. He currently owns hundreds of office buildings, along with 90 apartment complexes.

Conrad Hilton is the founder of Hilton Hotels. Hilton was known as a tremendous philanthropist who believed charity was a basic requirement for humanity.

Stanley Ho is one of the richest people in Asia. He’s a Macau and Hong Kong billionaire and casino mogul.

Lee Shau Kee is recently most famous for losing around $8 billion in net worth just in the past two years. Even with the huge losses, Kee continues to be noted as a real estate magnate as owner for Henderson Land Development. China’s greater region still considers Kee as one of the area’s richest people.

Ray Kroc is a entrepreneur who founded the McDonald’s Corporation franchise. Kroc purchased all rights to the McDonald’s name from the founding brothers Richard and Maurice McDonald. He took the franchise internationally to Japan and Germany in 1971.

Akira Mori is a famous Japanese real estate tycoon and billionaire. He’s one of the richest men in the world. President and CEO of Mori Trust, his family’s company owns real estate and hotels in Tokyo and all over Japan.

Minoru Mori is also a famous Japanese tycoon and billionaire. He and his brother Akira are sons to Taikichiro Mori.

Donald Trump is a famous television celebrity and billionaire real estate developer. Although his investments fluctuate with the waves of the sea, he always seems to come out on top.

Steve Wynn is a well-known Las Vegas casino and resort developer who developed some of the most opulent casinos and resorts in the City of Las Vegas.

Sam Zell’s net worth exceeds $6 billion. He is ranked 68th on Forbes’ list of richest Americans. He co-founded Equity Group Investments LLC that launched Equity Residential and Equity Office Properties.

IRS Revenue Procedure 2011-14 Energy efficiency and claiming the 179D deduction

The 179D tax deduction came about as part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct). Congress wanted to incentivize the utilization of energy-efficiency components in a building to one of the following parties:

1.The owner of the building
2.The tenant
3.The primary designer of an energy-efficient government building. (Architect, engineer, contractor etc.)

The deduction available is up to $.60 per sq./ft. for lighting, HVAC and building envelope, creating potential for $1.80 per sq./ft. if all three components qualify. These deductions are applicable to buildings that were either built or retrofitted after 12/31/2005.

Since EPAct came into effect, the IRS has provided interim guidance on EPAct deductions through several additional notices. IRS Notice 2006-52 describes in detail the rules and how to ensure a building qualifies if it was a new build or a retrofit. It requires the taxpayer to obtain certification that the property satisfies the energy efficiency requirements of 179D and specifies the software that must be used to calculate energy and power consumption. To further the cause, the IRS issued Notice 2008-40, which allowed a government building (non-taxpaying entity) to pass the deduction to the “primary designer” of the qualifying assets.

Until recently, taxpayers looking to claim the 179D deduction were limited by the three year statute of limitations for filing amended income tax returns for a particular tax year. That has changed with the issuance of Revenue Procedure 2011-14, which will allow some taxpayers to bypass this statute of limitations and claim this deduction all the way back to 1/1/2006 without filing one single amended income tax return. Taxpayers who wish to take the deduction without amending any returns will file a Form 3115 (Application for Change in Accounting Method) and will get to take the entire “catch up” deduction on the return that is being filed. This means that a taxpayer could potentially claim deductions from 2006-2010 (or 2011) all on one return and significantly reduce their tax burden, if not eliminate it altogether.

Deciding whether or not to amend returns or file for a Change in Accounting Method (Form 3115) is entirely dependent upon each taxpayers situation. If taxable income was higher in open years and therefore the taxpayer was in a higher tax bracket, it still may make sense to amend those returns. The impact of Revenue Procedure 2011-14 will also depend on whether or not any deductions have already been claimed or returns have been amended. A thorough analysis of each taxpayers scenario by an advisor experienced in 179D is advantageous to determining the best approach and claiming the maximum deduction allowed under the law.